We have to go back to the beginning of the vineyards in Aragon, which used to form part of the region of Celtiberia, where the Roman town of Carae (currently known as Cariñena) was located. In those days (3rd century BC) the local inhabitants drank wine mixed with honey. By the year 1415 this drink formed part of the list of foods taken by Kind Ferdinand I of Aragon on his trips.
The wine from Cariñena was mentioned in the chronicles of a great many foreigners and knights errant that wandered around the peninsula. Among such travelers was Enrique Cock from Holland, who in 1585 recounted how King Philip II was received in Cariñena with two fountains of wine. One of these, known as Fuente de la Mora was filled with red wine. Nowadays, we celebrate the Grape Harvest Festival, declared to be a Tourist Attraction in Aragon, once a year in this mythical fountain.
In 1696 the Vine Statute was passed in the town of Cariñena. Hence, it is no coincidence that the fourteen Aragonese municipalities making up the Denomination of Origin have been trailblazers in acquiring the obligations and privileges this entails.
The historic path trodden and exemplary behavior of winegrowers from Cariñena in the fight against phylloxera, a plague that devastated all the vineyards in Europe at the end of the 19th century, brought about huge developments in their commercial activity, leading to the construction of the narrow-gauge railway line from Cariñena to Zaragoza, which opened in 1887 to transport the region’s produce. And Cariñena also experienced the same phenomenon, receiving the status of a city, granted by King Alfonso XIII in 1909.
Coinciding with the creation of the denominations of origin, 1932 also saw the inauguration of the Oenological Station of Cariñena, fomenting new cultivation and winemaking techniques. DOP Cariñena is the second oldest appellation in Spain, and the first in Aragon.
It was in the 1980s that a huge quantum leap was made in wine-making with the advent of new systems for growing vines, investment in technology and the adoption of new oenological practices. To this day, our evolution has been constant in the pursuit of quality and excellence in our wines, which are now to be found all over the world.